“Neuroplasticity is the property of the brain that enables it to change its own structure and functioning in response to activity and mental experience.” Dr. Norman Doidge.
The following quotes have been taken from Wikipedia and edited to meet our learning objectives.
The term, neuroplasticity, gained prominence in the latter half of the 20th century when new research showed many aspects of the brain remain changeable (or "plastic") even into adulthood. This notion contrasts with the previous scientific consensus that the brain develops during a critical period in early childhood, then remains relatively unchangeable (or "static") afterward.
Neuroplastic change can occur at small ways, such as physiological changes to individual neurons, or in whole brain ways, such as cortical remapping in response to injury. Behavior, environmental stimuli, thought, and emotions may also cause neuroplastic change. Thus it is that the training involves behavior, thought and emotions.
The adult brain is not "hard-wired" with fixed neuronal circuits. There are many instances of cortical and subcortical rewiring of neuronal circuits in response to training as well as in response to injury. There is solid evidence that neurogenisis (birth of brain cells) occurs in the adult brain—and such changes can persist well into old age.
Aerobic exercise promotes adult neurogenisis by increasing the production of neurotrophic factors, compounds that promote growth or survival of neurons. Consistent aerobic exercise over a period of several months induces marked clinically significant improvements in executive function and increased gray matter volume in multiple brain regions, particularly those that give rise to cognitive control. Thus this training requires consistent exercise—as aerobic as possible.
The Brain’s Way of Healing by Norman Doidge, MD. Chapters 2, 3, 5, and 7
The Brain that Changes Itself by Norman Doidge, MD. Chapters 3, 5, and 8
Dr. Lara Boyd After watching this your brain will never be the same
Dr. Norman Doidge On Neuroplasticity www.youtube.com/watch?v=UMqNcoxf0gQ&t=10s
Dr. Norman Doidge Brain’s Healing Energies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ifYcE4-eI_s
Rick Hanson How to Use Our Minds to Change Our Brains https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1_yB-AYG6Eg
Dr. Norman Doidge The Power of Thought https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2c5aTlq3nYI
Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor My Stroke of Insight https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyyjU8fzEYU